English Notes

Study Notes of Sentence Improvement for English Language

How to solve Sentence Improvement Questions?

How to solve Sentence Improvement Questions?

Sentence Improvement is one of the most crucial portions that attract a great concern of the aspirants of competitive exams. Almost every candidate hopes to score as better as he/she can by simply hitting the basic grammar rules. However, some of them feel out of the box after when they are unable to touch the expectations and crack this section with good score. Fundamentals of the grammar may or may not be necessary but the tricks and tips should always be done by heart in order to avoid the mistakes.

The strategies are always better than the knowledge applied. Hence, here are some tips to improve the proficiency one should keep in mind…..
  • Analyze the tone of the given statement or sentence. It can be positive, negative, sarcastic, critical or analytical. Keeping in mind the purview of the whole scenario, one can easily spot the incorrect part of the sentence after a deep analysis.
  •  Use elimination before you do anything. This is the quickest approach one can easily apply as  रामबाण to every situation. If you are unable to spot the exact error, eliminate.
  • It is not mandatory that there should always be errors present in the sentence. Often, there are no errors present in the statement and the sentence is grammatically correct. Try to curtail the tendency of always finding the errors and improving it. You can also go for “no correction required” sometimes.
  • Of course, the knowledge of fundamental concepts should be there. And obviously, one must be hand in glove with the grammatical rules of Verbal.
Now, let’s keep a close watch on the following points:
 
1. Subject-verb Agreement: It is necessary to consider the verb according to the subject. Verbs should always be dependent on the subject or the vice-versa. Like, if the subject is plural then verb should also be plural, and if it is singular, then the given verb will also be singular.
For example:
  • The boys were abandoning the residence where they had been living since 2010 (Plural)
  • The boy was abandoning the residence where he had been living since 2010 (Singular)
Likewise, other points should always be kept in mind such as collective nouns, confusing pair of words, objective and normative cases etc.
2. Idioms/Phrases: This is one of the most important points that sometimes an idiom or phrase is used and we have a habit of finding errors, no matter what it says. Generally, idioms and phrases are written in the same form as they are given e.g. As you sow so shall you reap…. This idiom is grammatically incorrect because we can’t use ‘as’ followed by ‘so’ but we use it in the same form in which it is written. Likely, errors related to idioms/phrases come in the exams and we often end it finding mistakes in it or vice versa. So, it is suggested that one must go through all the tentative idioms/phrases deeply so that mistakes related to this section shouldn’t be made again.
 
3. Misplaced Modifiers: One of the most common problems is where to place them. Specifically, modifiers can cause confusion or unintentional humor in a sentence when they are placed too far from the noun they are modifying. For example, consider the following sentence:
Only Maiden wants pizza
Maiden wants pizza only
 
4. Wrong Comparisons: Sometimes we end up comparing things which are not logical or equivalent. Like, we have to compare furniture with furniture and persons with persons. You can’t compare a table to a person.
 
5. Relative noun and pronoun agreement: Pronoun should always have clear antecedent. If it fails to do so, then it should be replaced by a proper noun. Likewise, in the noun agreement, single person or thing can’t take a plural noun or vice-versa. e.g. It is incorrect to say ‘John and Sarah want to become a doctor’. The correct sentence is ‘John and Sarah want to become doctors’

Let’s look at some examples ……..

Directions: Which of the following phrases (I), (II), and (III) given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold letters to make the sentence grammatically correct? Choose the best option among the five given alternatives that reflect the correct use of phrase in the context of the grammatically correct sentence. If the sentence is correct as it is, mark (e) i.e., “No correction required” as the answer.

Q1. Considering he had played football for only two years, he does it well.

 

(I) Consider he had played

 

(II) Considering he has played

 

(III) Had he considered played
(a) Only (I) is correct
(b) Only (II) is correct
(c) Only (III) is correct
(d) All are correct
(e) No correction required
Sol. As we read the sentence further, we can easily sum up that the sentence is in present tense. Hence it would be preceded by the present form of tense only i.e. Considering he has played.

Score 25+ In English Section Of RBI Assistant Mains Examination 2017

The trick to scoring in English section can vary from one person to another depending on his/her strengths and weaknesses. The questions asked in this section can be easily handled if your basics are clear. Sometimes, even those who can communicate very well in English, fail to perform to the best of their ability in competitive exams. Instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Following are a few tips on how you can do well in the upcoming RBI Assistant Mains Examination. Note that the questions based on the topics mentioned in this article can be based on both conventional and new pattern. So, be prepared for a bolt from the blues and prepare accordingly.

If you are good at vocab and reading then attempt the reading comprehension first and proceed with Cloze Test and other miscellaneous topics like Error Detection, Para Jumbles, Phrase Replacement, Double Fillers, etc.  The Reading comprehension too should be attempted in a way that you attempt questions based on vocab and phrases first and then the questions that need a deep penetration through the paragraphs. There will be 17-18 questions based on Reading Comprehension. 5-8 questions out of these questions will be based on vocabulary i.e. synonyms and antonyms or phrases. Rest of the questions will be related to the paragraph in which tone off the writer of the essence of the paragraph can be asked.
Next comes the error detection portion. There will be a total of 5 question based on new pattern errors. To perform well in errors, you need to work on parts of speech, adjective, and subject-verb agreement. Some errors may also be based on narration, so, if one doesn’t want to miss out anything then he/she must have the knowledge of narration too. The next important topic is Sentence fillers. Generally, new pattern fillers are asked that are 5 in number. But, this year there is a possibility of new pattern fillers based on phrases also as the difficulty level of exams has only been rising.  For fillers, you need to work on idioms/phrases/phrasal verbs as most of the questions are based on these topics only. A similar topic to fillers is the new pattern Cloze test (a pair of words would fit in the blanks) and the questions based on it will be 5 in number. In cloze test, the fillers can be based on both grammar as well as vocabulary. Along with vocabulary, have the parts of speech and subject-verb agreement all grasped to attempt sufficient number of questions in Cloze test.
Next important topic is para jumbles. You may get to see a total of 5 questions based on para jumble.  The good thing about para jumbles is that you can manage to do it even if you are weak in English as it doesn’t test your grammar or vocabulary, you just need to find the connection between two parts. Also, keep in mind that there has to be a continuation in the paragraph when you rearrange the sentences. Do keep it in mind that you have to do with this section within a 30 minutes time period, so practice in a way that you do not leave any question untouched while attempting the examination. Practice is the only key to success. Keep practicing with the daily quizzes being provided by Bnakersadda and you will bring the house down for sure.

Easy Way to learn English Vocabulary

May 25, 2015 410 Comments

Dear Readers,

As you know that Vocabulary is the cornerstone of your English skills. Without a strong vocabulary, you can not implement the rules of English grammar. So we are providing vocabulary words with Hindi meaning which will help in upcoming Competitive Exams like SBI PO 2015, IBPS CWE 2015 and Insurance Exams. Hope you all like the post!


  1. Trite

Meaning

पुराना{प्रचलित},

Lacking Power To Evoke Interest Through Overuse Or Repetition; Hackneyed

Key

Tight

Use of Key: –

प्रशांत के मोटे होने की वजह से उसके  सारे पुराने कपड़े Tight आने लगे हैं

Synonyms

Common, Hackneyed, Commonplace, Stale

Usage

this point may now seem obvious and trite.

  1. Wistful

Meaning

Wistful – Showing Pensive Sadness, उदास

Key

Wish -Full

Use of Key: –

जब आदमी की Wish Fullfill नहीं होती तो वह उदास हो जाता है.

Synonyms

Melancholy, Wishful, Contemplative, Pensive, Musing

Usage

a wistful smile

  1. Musty

Meaning

सडा, बासी, Having A Stale, Moldy, Or Damp Smell

Key

मस्ती

Use of Key: –

वह मस्ती मस्ती में सड़ा बासी खाना खा गया.

Synonyms

Rank, Mold, Dull, Moldy, Heavy

Usage

a dark musty library filled with old books

  1. Motley

Meaning

तरह तरह का, Various

Key

मौत ले

Use of Key: –

तुझे जेल में तरह तरह के कष्ट दिए जायेंगे इससे अच्छा है की तू मौत ले ले.

Synonyms

Dappled, Dress, Mixture, Party-Colored, Composite

Usage

a motley crew of discontents and zealots

  1. Indigenous

Meaning

Native, स्वदेशी

Key

India में जन्म

Use of Key: –

India में जन्मे लोग स्वदेशी चीज पसंद करते हैं.

Synonyms

Inherent, Native, Inborn, Aboriginal, Innate

Usage

the indigenous peoples of Siberia

  1. Infallible

Meaning

अचूक, जिससे गलती न हो

Key

Infall (जो कभी Fall ना हो सकता हो)

Use of Key: –

वह रस्सी पर चलते हुए कभी भी Fall नहीं होता वह अचूक है.

Synonyms

Oracular, Inerrable, Indubitable, Unerring

Usage

doctors are not infallible

  1. Decrepitude

Meaning

बुढ़ापे की निर्बलता

A State Of Deterioration Due To Old Age Or Long Use

Key

Dec (December) Repitude (रपटना)

Use of Key: –

My Grandfather Died In December Due To रपटने And बुढ़ापे की निर्बलता.

Synonyms

Weakness

Usage

he had passed directly from middle age into decrepitude

  1. Gratuitous

Meaning

Given Or Done Free Of Charge, निःशुल्क

Key

Great Tute (Tution)

Use of Key: –

Great लोग Free में ही Tution क्लास देते हैं.

Synonyms

Free, Groundless, Baseless, Unnecessary, Unfounded

Usage

gratuitous violence

  1. Piety

Meaning

The Quality Of Being Religious Or Reverent, इश्वर भक्ति

Key

पीटी

Use of Key: –

Ayushi  को उसके घरवालों ने बहुत पीटा लेकिन उसने ईश्वरभक्ति बिलकुल नहीं छोड़ी.

Synonyms

Religion, Holiness, Duty, Obedience, Godliness

Usage

acts of piety and charity

  1. Upbraid

Meaning

To Reprove Sharply; Reproach, दोष लगाना

Key

अब Bread

Use of Key: –

अब Bread में क्यों दोष लगाता है जब तुमने सेंके ही अच्छी तरह से नहीं हैं

Synonyms

Reproach, Contumely, Exprobrate, Censure, Chide

Usage

he was upbraided for his slovenly appearance

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